Greek hopes of quick deal dashed
Greece acknowledged today it was having trouble persuading its foreign lenders to accept a plan to save nearly €12 billion over the next two years, essential to unlocking the aid payments the country needs in order to avoid bankruptcy.
Hopes that Greece, now in its fifth straight year of recession, might get a quick green light on the package were dashed when inspectors rejected part of it after bilateral talks resumed yesterday.
There appeared to be little progress at a second round of talks today between prime minister Antonis Samaras and the troika of inspectors from the European Commission, the European Central Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
"It is a difficult discussion," finance minister Yannis Stournaras told reporters after the meeting. "We are trying to convince them on the soundness of our positions."
Troika officials rejected some of the proposed measures to cut public sector expenses and wanted a bolder plan to reduce the number of civil servants, a senior Greek official said. "They insist on rejecting the measures that concern the restructuring of the state," the official said. "We insist that they accept them."
Slashing public sector jobs is a highly sensitive subject in Greece, where the constitution bars firing civil servants. Athens' proposed austerity package includes a controversial plan for a "labour reserve" in which civil servants get reduced pay before being laid off, but the scheme only targets savings of €167 million over 2013 and 2014, a draft of the plan obtained by Reuters late last month showed.
Mr Samaras will struggle to toughen the austerity package any further without running into stiff opposition from the junior partners in his fragile three-party coalition, which has squabbled for weeks over the proposed cuts.
The allies - who are under pressure from their voter base to water down the package - have already warned troika officials against pushing austerity too far, saying that low-income pensioners and civil servants must be spared.
"Our European partners must realise that the Greek people can't take it any more," moderate leftist leader Fotis Kouvelis told reporters after meeting Mr Samaras yesterday.
Hopes that Germany - the biggest contributor to European bailout as well as one of Greece's harshest critics - might be prepared to cut Mr Samaras some slack were kindled on Saturday by a media report. German magazine Der Spiegel said chancellor Angela Merkel had reached the view that Greece must not be allowed to leave the euro zone in the autumn and was prepared to allow Athens' bailout payments to be front-loaded.
In the latest illustration of the depth of the country's economic woes, industrial output dropped 5 per cent year-on-year in July with manufacturing slumping 7.8 per cent as existing austerity measures stifled domestic demand.
At home, Mr Samaras is also under pressure from his other ally, Socialist Pasok chief Evangelos Venizelos, to stick to a pre-election pledge to obtain two more years' grace from the troika to implement the cuts slated for 2013 and 2014.
But mindful of the lenders' exasperation with Greece's history of broken promises and the risk of bankruptcy without fresh aid, Mr Samaras has pledged to first deliver on commitments in the bailout before seeking any concessions. Both Mr Venizelos and Mr Kouvelis have yet to sign off on the austerity package despite weeks of discussion.
Greece's economy is expected to contract by about a fifth in the 2008-2012 period, partly due to repeated rounds of austerity, making it the country's worst post-war recession. Unemployment has soared to a record high, with almost one in four out of work.
Angry pensioners, policemen, judges and civil servants - expected to be particularly hurt by the latest cuts - are readying strikes and demonstrations to signal their opposition.
Greece's union federation for public sector employees, ADEDY, says it is planning a general strike along with its private sector counterpart GSSE to protest the new measures.