Euro zone unemployment rate steady
Youth unemployment fell for the first time since April
A queue for unemployment benefit outside Bishop Street social welfare office in Dublin. Photo: Frank Miller/The Irish Times
The euro zone unemployment rate was flat in August after easing in July for the first time in two years, showing the nascent economic recovery was starting to have a positive impact on the labour market.
The economy of the 17 countries using the euro returned to growth in the second quarter following 18 months of contraction, which marked the longest recession since creation of the single currency in 1999.
The euro zone unemployment rate in August was 12.0 per cent of the labour force for a second month in a row, just below the record 12.1 per cent in June and May, the European Union’s statistics office Eurostat said on Tuesday.
The July rate was revised to 12.0 percent from the previously reported 12.1 percent.
“The overall euro zone unemployment rate remains worryingly high, and the chances seem slim that it will come down appreciably anytime soon,” said Howard Archer, an economist at IHS Global Insight.
“Eurozone economic activity is likely to remain too limited in the near term at least to generate a significant number of jobs,” he added.
But in absolute numbers, the number of people out of work still edged marginally lower to 19.178 million in August from 19.183 million in July.
Economists expect improvement in the labour market to be slow because governments need to continue with austerity and structural reforms, while small and medium business - the bulk of European companies - still suffer from a credit squeeze.
In a positive signal, youth unemployment, which is of particular importance for Europe as it carries long-term social and economic risks, fell for the first time since April to 23.7 per cent from 23.8 per cent in July.
European leaders have made reducing unemployment one of their top priorities and agreed on special schemes designed to help job creation, easier access to credit for companies and further education and training for school leavers.
Spain and Greece were the countries where unemployment was the highest, above 25 per cent, and economists do not expected it to fall below 20 per cent in the near term.
Italy, in political turmoil threatening the survival of the shaky government led by prime minister Enrico Letta, saw its unemployment rate inch up to 12.2 per cent in August from 12.1 per cent in July.
Unemployment in Europe’s largest economy Germany, waiting for a new government to be formed after elections in September, stood at 5.2 per cent, the second lowest in the euro zone after Austria which had 4.9 per cent.