Motors »

  • At the last gasp…

    January 31, 2012 @ 3:10 pm | by Neil Briscoe

    It’s funny when you find a circularity in history. A sense of events being, if not pre-ordained, then certainly repetitive. Henry Ford said (actually he didn’t really) that history was bunk, but we all know that those who fail to learn its lessons are destined to repeat its mistakes.

    I often think that the car world is in many ways the larger world in microcosm and there is one odd little repetitive historical oddity that always catches my eye. That car makers often make one of their best-ever models just moments before the receivers start measuring up for the estate agents.

    It has happened so many times. Most famously, with Rover, it happened twice. In 1976, Rover produced the SD1 which was, until BMW launched the E60 5 Series almost three decades later, the most avant-garde executive car of all time. A hatchback in a world of saloons with a nose that paid obvious and gorgeous homage to the Ferrari Daytona is was striking and, in V8 Vitesse form, extremely good to drive. This was just months after its parent company, British Leyland, had gone embarrassingly bust and had to be bailed out by the British government.

    In 2000 it all happened again. Under then-owner BMW, Rover gave us, in 1998, the 75. And whatever you felt about its occasionally folksy wood-and-leather cabin, there was no doubting that it was a fine car and, in MG ZT form, a sharp handling one too. But then, two years after it debut, BMW bailed, the management took over and it all went very, very pear shaped.

    You could write that off as typical of a company that, since the sixties, had been poorly managed and often desperately under-funded. That sort of pattern was bound to repeat itself.

    But others have done it too. Lancia gave us, in 1993 the Delta Integrale Evoluzione II and rarely have the world’s car enthusiasts taken quite such a collective intake of breath. It may have been a touch boxy and inelegant, but the Delta was such a powerhouse of turbocharged grunt and 4WD grip that, on all but the smoothest, straightest road, contemporary Ferraris just wouldn’t see which way it went. Two years after its debut, Lancia stopped making right hand drive models, and retreated to an oddly-styled life in mainland Europe, only returning in 2011 wearing a Chrysler false moustache and glasses.

    Opel came perilously close to doing the same thing recently. After decades of underwhelming family saloons under various nameplates, many of them Vectra, we got the Insignia; a car of beauty, quality and not a little dynamic flair. And just as it was launched, General Motors began to implode into bankruptcy and Opel spent many anxious months being dangled as a potential sell-off, before being saved and folded back into ‘New’ GM at almost literally the last possible moment.

    And of course, there’s Saab. Now, I wouldn’t suggest for a minute that the 2010 9-5 was the best Saab ever, but it was certainly the best Saab made since the total General Motors takeover of the nineties. It looks good (especially from the rear, at night with those eerie full-width neon lights), has an unspeakably massive cabin and boot at was actually pretty good value for money. It may not have been the last word in ride and handling deportment, nor interior design and flair but I, for one, liked it. It was fabulously comfy, had an exceptionally cool altimeter-style digital speedo and was one of those cars that just made you feel safe and cocooned on a wet night, on an unfamiliar road.

    Of course, there is a simple explanation; the dead cat bounce. Just as a bottom-rung Premiership football club will often put on a Liverpool-under-Bob-Paisley like display for their first game under a new (but equally doomed) manager, so car makers often put that extra bit of effort into a car that they know could well be their last. The Insignia is proof that, just occasionally, those efforts can pay off. Mostly though, it’s the relegation zone for you, son.

    Meanwhile, there’s another affect in effect. That so often, the last car ever made by a once-beloved car manufacturer is the last memory most of us will have of it. It’s why I get an odd watery-eyed feeling when I see a Rover 75 glide past, and I suspect it’ll be the same with the rare Saab 9-5 that I’ll spy on the roads from now on. A combination of all-this-were-fields-once-lad and what might have been.

  • Let’s ban electric cars

    January 20, 2012 @ 3:05 pm | by Neil Briscoe

    I’ve been thinking very, very hard about this, but at the end, there can be only one conclusion. We have to ban electric cars.

    No, honestly, we do. And I have a very valid reason for this, let’s face it, somewhat controversial assertion.

    Let’s start with what electric cars have been portrayed as, compared to what they actually are. Generally speaking, if you don’t regard electric cars as the second coming these days, you are regarded as some sort of heretic and are to be bound at the stake (re-useable hemp ropes, of course) and pelted with non-quarried stones until the hordes have sated their bloodlust. Or at least, someone from a major company will groan that you’re yet another electric car doubter, or worse yet, a climate change denier.

    The thing is that I am neither. Nothing bothers me more than anthropogenic climate change (see, I even used the Brian Cox word!) and its possible consequences. I live barely 30-metres from the Atlantic Ocean, so if that baby starts to rise, my house is one of the first to get a new indoor pool.

    And I actually like electric cars. A recent trip in one of Dublin’s Nissan Leaf taxis reminded me how smooth, pleasant and swift a car powered by batteries can be. They really are very cool things indeed, and their mechanical simplicity appeals to the frustrated engineer in me.

    But they’re all but useless. Here’s the criteria for owning and running an electric car as you’re sole daily driver at the moment. First off, you have to be able to absorb the €30k purchase price. Second, you have to own your own home and it needs a driveway so that the ESB can come and fit a charging post for you. Third, you will really, really need to live in a heavily urbanised environment (in town, in other words), drive fewer than 160km a day and never take the car on long trips. Like from Dublin to Galway, let’s say.

    Even if you tick all those boxes, there are other significant problems. Such as the lack of a national charging infrastructure. We were promised 1,500 charging points nationwide by now. We actually have 400, and none of the motorway-based fast-charge points. And then there is continuing uncertainty over the longevity of the batteries (the car companies say it’s not an issue, others say otherwise) and the potential second hand value of electric cars.

    But none of that is why I think they should be banned. My argument is based solely on numbers, and they are numbers of Euro and Dollar signs in front of them.

    You see, we could, and should, just leap right past electric cars and go straight to hydrogen fueled transport. Hydrogen is brilliant. It’s the most abundant element in the galaxy (no more peak oil worries) and when you burn it in a combustion engine or pass it chemically through a fuel cell, the only by-products are heat and water vapour. It’s brilliant, and it works. GM and Honda already have fleets of fuel cell cars on the road, and Mercedes, Toyota and others are promising to have such cars available for general purchase by 2015.

    Brilliant. Job done then. Let’s just go hydrogen.

    Ah, not that simple unfortunately. Hydrogen is plentiful but it’s also the tart of the chemical world, bonding readily with almost every other substance. So separating the hydrogen from its chemical partners can be messy, and causes emissions of its own. And then there’s the need to compress and chill it for storage. It’s no more difficult or dangerous to handle than natural gas or petrol, but it can be awkward.

    Then there’s the fact that, outside of a handful of stations in Japan, Germany and America (mostly California) you can’t get hydrogen fuel at your local Topaz. Not without a massive investment, around €3-billion to equip Germany with a national hydrogen refueling network.

    And then there’s the cars themselves. Hydrogen fuel cell technology isn’t new, but getting it to work reliably in a car, at the extremes of temperature and usage that cars demand, is tricky at best and is still costing a lot of money to develop. Mercedes and Toyota will have fuel cell cars on sale in 2015, no doubt, but they will be very limited run vehicles, priced like supercars in the hundreds of thousands, appealing to wealthy tech-heads, not to someone trading in an ’01 Punto.

    There is, however, a simple solution. Money. Lots and lots of money. There is money, clearly, being invested in hydrogen power for cars, but it’s clearly not enough at the moment. The EU has invested around €1.5-billion recently, while the US government trickles a billion here and a billion there into it. Meanwhile, Renault is spending €4-billion to develop a four-car electric car range. That’s just Renault, a relatively small Euro-centric car maker, and the most significant model that that €4-billion will go to is a Fluence saloon with batteries. And, at best estimates, in a decade’s time, electric cars will account for just 10% of the European car market. Leaving 90% to still be serviced by good old diesel and petrol.

    So I think it’s time we stopped messing about. Unless there is a dramatic discovery in terms of making batteries easier to charge and longer-lasting, electric cars are ultimately only going to be useful for short, intra-urban hops. For true mobility to be continued into the latter half of this century, hydrogen seems to be the only rational choice.

    Let’s ban electric cars then, and take the money that would have been spent on them and spend it instead on hydrogen. We know hydrogen works, it’s mature technology and doesn’t require any major new breakthroughs; it just needs to be honed, developed, productionised and made affordable. If we can concentrate our resources on doing that, then maybe we can truly change the future of motoring, for good, for all.

    Meanwhile, there is a final engineering aesthetic argument. The technology that drives electric cars is, essentially, the same technology that makes a food blender spin around and around. The technology that drives hydrogen fuel cell cars is the same technology that NASA used to power the Apollo spacecraft that flew to the moon and back. Which one would you rather have in your car?

    Ban all electric cars

    Down with this sort of thing etc...

  • Seven shortlisted for Car of the year

    January 9, 2012 @ 12:34 pm | by Michael McAleer

    The shortlist for the prestigious Car Of The Year in Europe title has been announced. The seven finalists are (in alphabetical order): Citroën DS5, Fiat Panda, Ford Focus, Opel Ampera, Range Rover Evoque, Toyota Yaris, Volkswagen Up.

    It’s going to be a tough process for the jury, with all shortlisted models putting forward particular strong traits, from innovative new powertrains that harness the benefits –a nd drawbacks of the current electric and hybrid car debates, to funky designs and straightforward desirability.

    Citroen's new DS5

    The new Citroen DS5 aims to offer an alternative to the crossover SUV variants and people carriers that have set the standard in family motoring for over a decade. At the same time it aims to push the French brand’s new DS models closer to the premium segment. Its styling is smart and its interior quite innovative, but alongside these traits, it’s also offered with the innovative new diesel-hybrid powertrain developed by PSA, offering electric power in town and at low speeds, while the benefits of diesel fuel economy on faster main road and motorway driving.

    Fiat's new Panda

    Fiat continues to build on its reputation for quality small car development, with the new Panda featuring its latest platform that will underpin several new Fiat models in the near future. There’s a particularly strong retro styling touch to the new car, alongside the firm’s latest two-cylinder TwinAir engine range, that last year won the International Engine of the Year title.

    Ford's new Focus

    The Ford Focus is an established player in the hatchback market and one of the best handling cars on the market when price is taken into account. The latest iteration brings forth major safety technology features (although mainly optional in Ireland) such as lane keeping assistance, and a new Active City Stop system that uses radar to continuously monitor the road ahead. When it encounters an obstacle the signal bounces back to the car and the difference in speed and the distance is used to work out if a collision is likely. If it is and the driver doesn’t react, the brakes are then automatically applied and the throttle is released. Designed for town driving, the system is active at speeds below 30 km/h.

    Alongside these is a major leap for the brand in introducing electric steering to the car. This system also includes what Ford calls its “torque vectoring control”. This ever-so-slightly brakes the inside front wheel in a corner to allow more torque to the outside wheel, supposedly offering greater traction and improved handling. It’s a smart engineering feat – if poorly named.

    Opel's "range-extending" Ampera

    We’ve been waiting a long time for the Opel Ampera to arrive, given that the car has been on sale in the US as the Chevrolet Volt for some time now. Its innovative powertrain, however, remains unique to the market. Most appropriately tagged as a “range extender”, the Ampera is mainly an electric car powered by a lithium-ion battery and recharged via the mains. It runs for 80km/h on a full charge. Not that impressive you might think, but when the power from the mains electricity runs out, a little 1.4-litre engine in the back is used as a generator to recharge the battery. The end result is a car that runs on electric power when your doing the daily commute but when exceptions arise you have a range of 500km/h or more available and simply fuel the engine/generator at a filling station. It’s the motor industry’s response to the obvious range anxiety concerns of consumers that is hindering electric car sales.

    Range Rover Evoque

    The Range Rover Evoque is a truly stylish, fun to drive crossover from the company that has built its reputation on luxury off-roaders. Suddenly with this car the luxury has become slightly more affordable – well at least to those who would normally consider a premium German brand and models like the 5-Series or E-Class. While it offers incredible head-turning appeal, it’s no slouch off-road either, in keeping with the brand’s DNA. This is arguably the most desirable model on the shortlist.

    Toyota's new Yaris - a hybrid version will arrive this summer

    The Toyota Yaris is once more expected to be a small car success story for the powerful Japanese brand, but the new model not only plays host to new styling and some improved engines, but it also forms the basis of Toyota’s smallest hybrid model, due for launch this summer. Urban motorists have been waiting for the introduction of a smaller hybrid car for some time and Yaris hybrid will fill an obvious gap in the market.

    Volkswagen's new UP city car

    Finally there’s the Volkswagen UP, a seriously stylish, practical city car that offers similar space to previous generation Polos, economical yet fun.

    In selecting the car of the year the just judges the cars on the following criteria: design, comfort, safety, economy, handling, performance, functionality, environmental requirements, driver satisfaction, and price. Technical innovation and value for money are particularly important factors. As with most awards processes, the criteria is a mix of quantifiable and qualitative elements. Design is obviously something of a personal choice, but environmental achievements, value compared to other models on the market, and even performance and functionality are quantifiable criteria that can be judged against the current best in market rivals to the new car in question.

    The Jury Committee draws up a list of eligible cars from all the newcomers presented over the previous 12 months. Eligible cars must be essentially new models, not simply cosmetic changes or the installation of new engine or a transmission. All new models are considered irrespective of their country of origin but must be available in at least five European countries at the time of voting and have an expected sales volume of 5,000 a year. These cars are then tested by the jury members at launches and at events organised by the jury, such as a week-long test event in Denmark in September every year.

    The Jury then elects a short list of seven cars in a simple vote. After this jury members gather to test the shortlisted cars at various events organised by the jury itself.

    For the second stage, each Jury member has 25 points to apportion to at least five cars, with a maximum of 10 points for any one of them, and produces a statement of justification for his or her vote, which is published at the time of the award presentation. Each jury member’s vote and justification report is published. This year’s winner will be announced on March 5th at the Geneva Motor show.

  • Sales figures for 2011 reveal Ireland’s favourite cars

    January 4, 2012 @ 4:36 pm | by Michael McAleer

    Some 89,900 new cars were registered last year, of which 90 per cent fell into the two lowest tax bands. Of all the new cars sold last year, just 4,246 cars face an annual motor tax bill of more than €330.

    That can be judged as a rare success story for the previous government, given that Irish buyers opted for lower emission cars. A success story that is in terms of environment; a nightmare scenario in terms of economic policy however.

    The emissions-based tax regime introduced in July 2008 has proved to be a great hit with buyers. In line with the favoured lower emissions, diesel is now the favourite fuel of new car buyers here, presenting 71.2 per cent of new cars sold. And all this has added up to a serious hole in the national coffers.

    The Government has already confirmed that it will introduce a new tax regime in the budget for 2013, in an effot to recoup lost revenue not only on the back of a drop in new sales from the heady days of the 2006 and 2007, but also in annual motor tax. The current situation where buyers of a new BMW 5-Series, Mercedes E-Class and Audi A6 can avail of tax rates of just €225 a year is unlikely to continue. The problem will be if they try to grab too much from the motorist and kill off new car sales in the process. With predictions of sales for 2012 falling as low as 70,000 that doesn’t bode well for the industry and will likely mean more dealerships will be forced to close.

    The figures also show that after several years of Ford and Toyota having control of the top of the sales table, Volkswagen is firmly in the fray for taking top spot in the coming years. Even rivals such as Hyundai and Renault now suggest that VW will be the best-selling brand by 2013. However, neither Ford nor Toyota is going to give up a top table position without a fight.

    It’s not just the top three battle that is worth watching. Renault has lost some of its pace in the market, particularly since the end of scrappage, but it’s still a significant player in the market with 9.5 per cent. It will be vying to retain a top five position next year.

    Another top five hopeful for 2012 is Hyundai, with a new i40 proving very popular and a new i30 due for launch early next year. It might only have 4.5 per cent this year, but sales are already up 33 per cent and that’s before the saloon version of the i40 hits our roads.

    Then there is Skoda, which has been climbing the charts for the last two years and, although falling back in 2011, has some new models in the pipeline that will lure new customers into showrooms in the next two years. Against these three rising stars are the likes of Nissan and Opel, eager to show that they can retain their top tier positions.

    So what do the sales figures show? Well we like grey diesel hatchbacks and value is more important than either style or performance. And with just three Porsches and one Maserati registered in 2011, sports cars are once more a rare sight on our roads.

    Make / Model                                                         2011 2010
    Ford FOCUS 4242 3912
    Volkswagen GOLF 3980 3780
    Toyota AVENSIS 3661 3587
    Renault FLUENCE 3016 1283
    Volkswagen PASSAT SALOON 2975 1767
    Ford FIESTA 2945 3729
    Nissan QASHQAI 2653 3498
    Toyota COROLLA 2592 2211
    Renault MEGANE 2530 3979
    Toyota YARIS 2311 2626
    Renault CLIO 2263 3415
    BMW 5 SERIES 2163 1347
    Skoda OCTAVIA 2152 2550
    Toyota AURIS 2134 1546
    GM(Opel) INSIGNIA 2104 2133
    Volkswagen POLO 2067 2454
    GM(Opel) ASTRA 2040 2223
    Nissan MICRA 1730 984
    GM(Opel) CORSA 1677 1629
    Ford MONDEO 1639 1625
    Hyundai IX35 1480 469
    Nissan JUKE 1377 43
    Audi A4 1257 1364
    Mercedes-Benz E CLASS 1199 1464
    Seat IBIZA 1164 937
    Skoda FABIA 996 938
    Skoda SUPERB 949 962
    Ford FOCUS CMAX 805 149
    Mazda MAZDA3 798 1076
    Kia RIO 732 796
    Kia CEE’D 675 860
    Hyundai I30 661 813
    Kia SPORTAGE 656 124
    Audi A6 654 504
    Peugeot 207 650 841
    Peugeot 3008 644 954
    BMW 3 SERIES 631 665
    Peugeot 308 545 670
    Mercedes-Benz C CLASS 511 506
    Hyundai I20 486 708
    Volkswagen JETTA 474 1029
    Hyundai IX20 470 1
    Skoda YETI 463 479
    Honda CIVIC 462 610
    Audi A3 440 538
    Mazda MAZDA6 430 516
    Audi A1 423 20
    Hyundai SANTA FE 411 280
    Volvo S40 407 380
    Peugeot 5008 399 225
    Volkswagen TIGUAN 395 249
    Citroen C4 388 156
    Peugeot 508 388 0
    Mazda MAZDA2 386 588
    Ford KUGA 370 583
    Chevrolet AVEO 369 328
    Hyundai I10 344 582
    Nissan TIIDA 344 436
    Volvo S60 317 25
    Nissan PIXO 315 160
    Audi A5 313 334
    Seat LEON 305 341
    Volkswagen PASSAT ESTATE 275 136
    GM(Opel) ZAFIRA 273 357
    Fiat PANDA 268 592
    Toyota RAV 4 266 193
    Fiat 500 263 292
    Kia PICANTO 262 380
    Nissan NOTE 260 481
    Toyota AYGO 253 233
    Renault LAGUNA 253 246
    Mitsubishi LANCER 248 300
    Renault SCENIC 242 491
    Toyota VERSO 240 215
    Suzuki SX4 239 253
    Volkswagen PASSAT CC 235 171
    Land Rover FREELANDER 233 79
    Citroen C4 PICASSO 230 68
    Fiat PUNTO 224 417
    Volkswagen SCIROCCO 222 267
    Renault GRAND SCENIC 221 332
    Citroen C3 214 242
    Suzuki SWIFT 212 225
    MINI MINI HATCH 209 342
    BMW X1 203 280
    BMW 1 SERIES 203 224
    GM(Opel) MERIVA 201 121
    Volkswagen GOLF PLUS 197 185
    Ford GALAXY 195 222
    Mazda MAZDA5 186 65
    Kia SORENTO 186 54
    Honda JAZZ 185 213
    MINI MINI COUNTRYMAN 181 15
    Ford KA 177 779
    Audi Q5 172 77
    Honda ACCORD 167 216
    Lexus CT200H 159 0
    Volkswagen TOURAN 154 84
    Toyota VERSO-S 144 0
    Mitsubishi ASX 140 22
    Hyundai I40 138 0
    Volvo V50 130 146
    Suzuki ALTO 128 141
    Lexus RX 128 173
    Lexus IS 126 130
    Toyota PRIUS HYBRID 126 362
    Citroen NEW MULTISPACE 126 1
    BMW X3 123 10
    Seat ALTEA 122 69
    Seat EXEO 120 154
    Alfa Romeo GIULIETTA 119 22
    Ford S-MAX 117 178
    Kia VENGA 116 178
    Jaguar XF 106 98
    Volvo XC60 100 57
    Mitsubishi COLT 100 337
    Volvo S80 94 137
    Skoda ROOMSTER 91 8
    Honda CR-V 89 54
    Volkswagen FOX 89 147
    Audi A7 86 1
    Citroen C5 85 222
    Subaru FORESTER 82 58
    Land Rover DISCOVERY 82 74
    Saab 9-3 80 64
    Citroen C3 PICASSO 79 98
    Honda INSIGHT 79 108
    Volkswagen SHARAN 77 32
    Peugeot 107 77 61
    BMW X5 75 52
    Mercedes-Benz CLS CLASS 71 19
    Volvo XC90 61 22
    GM(Opel) AGILA 61 46
    Volvo C30 60 101
    Mitsubishi PAJERO 59 62
    Volvo V60 59 3
    Saab 9-5 58 19
    Mercedes-Benz B CLASS 57 63
    Mitsubishi OUTLANDER 55 137
    Seat ALHAMBRA 52 42
    Land Rover RANGE ROVER EVOQUE R 52 0
    Kia SOUL 51 153
    Nissan LEAF 45 2
    Mercedes-Benz S CLASS 44 53
    Subaru LEGACY 44 7
    Peugeot RCZ 44 8
    Volkswagen CADDY PASS 44 50
    Audi A8 42 19
    Land Rover RANGE ROVER SPORT RA 42 50
    Alfa Romeo ALFA MITO 40 38
    Mercedes-Benz A CLASS 38 36
    Audi Q7 38 17
    Fiat DOBLO 37 43
    Volkswagen GOLF CABRIO 36 0
    Fiat BRAVO/BRAVA 36 130
    Subaru OUTBACK 32 27
    Toyota IQ 32 39
    Chevrolet SPARK 31 0
    Citroen BERLINGO PASS 31 41
    Toyota URBAN CRUISER 29 77
    Land Rover RANGE ROVER 29 26
    Suzuki SPLASH 28 40
    Citroen DS3 28 32
    Citroen DS4 27 0
    Audi TT 27 23
    Citroen C1 27 43
    Volvo V70 25 51
    Perodua MYVI 24 19
    Volkswagen TOUAREG 21 3
    Ford UNIDENTIFIED 21 10
    GM(Opel) TIGRA 21 14
    Toyota LANDCRUISER PASS 21 39
    Subaru IMPREZA 20 31
    BMW 7 SERIES 19 38
    Honda CR-Z 19 2
    Volvo XC70 18 3
    Fiat QUBO 18 26
    Renault WIND 18 1
    Renault KANGOO PASS 18 34
    Jaguar XJ 17 22
    MINI MINI COOPER 17 1
    Renault ESPACE 17 15
    Subaru LEGACY II 16 72
    Subaru JUSTY 16 30
    Peugeot EXPERT 16 10
    Chevrolet CRUZE 15 0
    Kia CARENS 14 9
    Fiat 500C 14 19
    Nissan MURANO 13 0
    Mitsubishi GRANDIS 12 50
    Kia SEDONA 12 4
    Ford FUSION 12 95
    Citroen XSARA PICASSO 12 38
    Mercedes-Benz SLK CLASS 11 9
    Alfa Romeo 159 11 41
    Nissan X-TRAIL 10 14
    GM(Opel) ANTARA 10 30
    MINI MINI CONVERTIBLE 10 8
    Hyundai MONTANA 10 31
    Peugeot PARTNER 9 7
    Citroen GRAND C4 PICASSO 9 127
    Nissan PRIMERA 9 3
    BMW X6 8 5
    Peugeot 407 7 229
    Kia CARNIVAL 7 14
    Chrysler VOYAGER 7 1
    Suzuki GRAND VITARA 6 15
    BMW 6 SERIES 6 1
    Mercedes-Benz V CLASS 6 3
    Audi S5 6 4
    Audi Q3 6 0
    Chevrolet EPICA 5 5
    Fiat SCUDO PASSENGER 5 0
    Mercedes-Benz GL CLASS 4 11
    Mercedes-Benz ML CLASS 4 10
    Hyundai SONATA 4 66
    Chrysler DELTA 4 0
    Jaguar X-TYPE 4 95
    MINI MINI FIRST 3 1
    Daihatsu TERIOS 3 11
    Chrysler COMPASS 3 2
    Mazda MX 3 14
    Mercedes-Benz CL CLASS 3 10
    Hyundai VELOSTER 3 0
    Jeep PATRIOT 3 0
    Chrysler WRANGLER 2 0
    Smart FORTWO 2 4
    MINI MINI CLUBMAN 2 5
    Kia MAGENTIS 2 13
    Chrysler CHEROKEE PASS 2 1
    Citroen PICASSO 2 0
    Daihatsu SIRION 2 14
    Hyundai ACCENT 2 0
    BMW Z4 2 8
    Porsche PANAMERA 2 2
    Lexus GS 2 5
    Chrysler SEBRING 1 2
    Nissan 370Z 1 1
    Toyota HIACE COMMUTER 1 0
    Mercedes-Benz SL CLASS 1 2
    Lexus LS 1 1
    Hyundai I800 1 0
    Volkswagen CV 1 0
    Jaguar XK 1 2
    Hyundai XG 1 0
    Toyota VITZ 1 1
    Fiat MULTIPLA 1 3
    Nissan PATHFINDER 1 0
    Suzuki JIMNY 1 1
    Volvo C70 1 3
    Mercedes-Benz VIANO 1 0
    Mazda CX-7 1 4
    Chevrolet LACETTI 1 1
    Nissan 350 Z SERIES 1 0
    Ford TOURNEO PASS 1 0
    Citroen DISPATCH PASS 1 1
    Porsche CAYENNE 1 2
    Chevrolet CAPTIVA 1 32
    Morgan ROADSTER 1 0
    Volkswagen EOS 1 13
    Maserati GRAN TURISMO 1 0
    Mercedes-Benz CLK CLASS 1 29
    Volkswagen BEETLE HATCH 1 20

    Source: SIMI


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