Testamentary Authority after 1857

The Probate Act (1857) did away with the testamentary authority of the Church of Ireland. Instead of the Consistorial Courts and the Prerogative Court, power to grant probate and issue letters of administration was vested in a Principal Registry in Dublin and eleven District Registries. Rules similar to those governing the geographical jurisdiction of the ecclesiastical courts applied, with the Principal Registry taking the place of the Prerogative Court, as well as covering Dublin and a large area around it. Transcripts of the wills proved and administrations granted were made in the District Registries, and the originals were forwarded to the Principal Registry. Almost all the records of the Principal Registry were destroyed in 1922. The few surviving Will and Grant Books are detailed below. The Will Book transcripts made by the District Registries survived, however. The records of those districts covering areas now in the Republic-Ballina, Cavan, Cork, Kilkenny, Limerick, Mullingar, Tuam and Waterford-are in NAI. For districts now in Northern Ireland-Armagh, Belfast and Londonderry-the Will Books are in PRONI and are searchable through the PRONI website.

Cork and Ross Diocesan Wills Index

Calendar of Wills and Adminstrations
[Click for larger image]

Fortunately, from 1858 a new system of indexing and organising wills and administrations had been devised. A printed, alphabetically ordered Calendar of Wills and Administrations was produced for every year, and copies of all of these have survived. For each will or administration, these record:

  1. 1. the name, address and occupation of the deceased person;
  2. 2. the place and date of death;
  3. 3. the value of the estate;
  4. 4. the name and address of the person or persons to whom probate or administration was granted.

In many cases the relationship of the executor is also specified. This means that, despite the loss of so much original post-1857 testamentary material, some information at least is available on all wills or administrations from this period. Very often, much that is of genealogical value can be gleaned from the calendars, including such information as exact dates of death, places of residence and indications of economic status. A consolidated index covers the period 1858-77, making it unnecessary to search each yearly calendar. The calendars are on open access in the NAI reading room, with a copy also in PRONI. They are now available on the NAI website at willcalendars.nationalarchives.ie. Calendar entries relating to the three district registries of Armagh, Belfast and Londonderry are searchable at www.proni.gov.uk.